全新版大学英语综合教程4

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上海外语教育出版社-《全新版大学英语》-第二版-预备级-综合教程-课后答案

Answers To

全新版大学英语综合教程

预备级·重排本

第二版

UNIT ONE

Text A:

Reading Comprehension

I. 5, 1, 7, 11, 2, 4, 6, 9, 8, 10, 3

II. 1. a freshman

2. to others that she was not

3. make a timely entrance

4. Freshman manuals

5. American Literature

6. she was in the right classroom

7. had stepped on a piece of cheese

8. no one had noticed

9. decided to go back to the cafeteria to eat

10. bad fate would only fall on her

11. silly

12. popularity

III. 1. F 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T 6. T 7. F 8. T 9. T 10. F 11. T From Reading To Speaking (Left out)

Vocabulary And Sentence Practice

I. 1. arise 2. advised 3. come to their feet /arise

4. determines 5.left 6.show up 7. made her way

8. in no time 9. no matter how 10. went out to

II. 1. a. pitiless b. pity c. pitiful d. pitifully

2. a. safe b. safe c. safely d. safety

3. a. sound b. sound c. sounds d. soundly

4. a. popularity b. popularize c. popularly d. popular

III.

1. A. 我只想能顺顺当当地找到自己的宿舍

B. He wanted nothing more than to help her.

2. A. 无论我自以为有多么成熟,我还是觉得有些像一年级新生似的。

B. No matter how hard I tried, I could not change his mind.

3. A. 我花了整整一下午的时间摸清了我所有要上课的教室的位置,这样我就可

以在每节课之前掐准时间走进教室

B. They spent the whole evening preparing the classroom so that the

party would be held just as planned.

4. A. 我正朝色拉供应台走去,却不料一脚踩到了一块奶酪上。

B. We were reading in the library when the electricity went off.

5. A. 也许三天的时间足以使全校的人把我给忘记了

B. This dictionary is good enough for you to study English.

6. A. 这时我才意识到之前自己太当真了。

B. Don’t take the failure too seriously; you will have other chances later. IV.

1. B. …my parents drove off, leaving me standing pitifully in a parking

lot…

C. All the other boys went to play basketball after class, leaving John studying in the classroom.

2. B. With that thought in mind, I raised my head, squared my shoulders,

and set off in the direction of my dorm.

C. With his hands in his pockets, he stood there, looked at the children,

and gave orders.

3. B. Freshman manuals advised sitting near the front.

C. The teacher advised reviewing the lessons every day.

4. B. …How nice it would be if no one had noticed.

C. How nice the trip would have been if it had not rained.

5. B. I looked up to see that another student had met the fate I’d thought

would only fall on me.

C. The girl returned to the store to find that the dolls had been sold out.

6. B. Who cared whether I dropped a tray, where I sat in the class, or even

whether I showed up in the wrong lecture?

C. Who cares where you go or what you do after work?

Text B

Reading Comprehension

I. 1. B 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. D 6. D

II. 1. B 2. A 3. B 4. A 5. A 6. B 7. B 8. A

III. (Left out)

IV. (Left out)

Vocabulary Work

I. a. 7 b. 10 c. 5

j. 3 d. 1 e. 11 f. 16

g. 2 h. 4 i. 12 II. 1. B k. 8 l. 9 4. B 5. C 2. A 3. D

III. 1. ACADEMIC 2. OBVIOUS 3. SURPRISE

4. ADVICE 5. EXPLORE 6. FOCUS 7. INVENT

UNIT TWO

Text A:

Reading Comprehension

II. 1. the author’s real father

2. there was lots of sun

3. have a barbecue

4. Mother’s flower garden and Leo’s trees

5. driving her

6. going shopping together with the family

7. angry, cruel, violent and unloving

8. the author’s brother

9.all loved him and took him as their father

10. he would deny it if she said so

III. 1.T 2. F 3.T 4. F 5. F 6.T 7.T 8. F 9.F 10. F 11.T From Reading To Speaking (Left out)

I. 1. experience 2. put down roots 3. glance 4. intense 5. in time

6. relieve 7. touches 8. resembling 9. unique 10. remarked

II. 1. a. specially b. specialty c. specializes d. special e. specialists

2. a. uniquely b. unique c. uniqueness

3. a. delights b. delightful c. delight d. delightedly

4. a. unavoidable b. avoided c. Avoidance d. avoidable III.

1. A. 起初,他在我的生活中并不是什么特别的人,后来他成了我的朋友。最终

我觉得他也是我的父亲。

B. A first, the subject is nothing special to me. Then gradually I became

interested in it. In time, I found myself in love with it.

2. A. 开始时,我们家的草地只是一个土堆,上面零星地长着些荒草。

B. Above us there is a bright moon, with some scattered stars.

3. A. 你妈妈喜欢花。这里阳光充足,她可以在这里栽些花。

B. You can park the car here, where there is a parking sign.

4. A. 我开始知道有一个父亲意味着什么。

B. Up till now she still doesn’t understand what it means to be a mother.

5. A. 但因为我小时候都是看着别的家庭进行这些日常的活动,所以当我现在做

这些事的时候,共感到非常地开心。

B. They spent the whole afternoon watching the football players training

on the sports ground.

6. A. 我们刚搬到郊区不久,一位新邻居就向我做了自我介绍。

B. After he entered the office, the young man introduced himself to us. IV.

1. B. He was no one special in my life.

C. Such a small loss is nothing special to the rich businessman.

2. B. And in the backyard, I’d like a barbecue.

C. In the afternoon many English people would like a cup of tea.

3. B. Little touches- my mother’s flower garden, Leo’s trees-made our house

unique.

C. The recent failure didn’t make the young man disappointed.

4. B. Having a father drop you off may have been something my

classmates for granted.

C. Working for the nation has always been something the scientist takes

for granted.

5. B. We learned that my “real” father…wanted to see us again, on a

regular basis.

C. The professor said that he would help the student with his studies on

aregular basis.

6. B. Since my brother was then 17 years old, he didn’t have to follow

family-court provision.

C. Since he was a quite experienced man, you don’t have to give him so many orders.

Text B

Reading Comprehension

I. 1. T 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. F 6. F 7. T 8. F 9. T 10. F 11. T II. 1. A 2. B

III. (Left out)

IV. (Left out)

Vocabulary Work

I. 9, 10, 8, 7, 12, 1, 4, 11, 6, 5, 2, 3

II. 1. B, D 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. C

III. 1. AWARD 2. GROCERY 3. WHISPER 4. EMOTION

5. FORTUNE 6. OFFER 7. GAZE

3. B 4. A 5. A 6. B 7. B

UNIT THREE

Text A:

Reading Comprehension

II. 1. create failure or success in your lives

2. three times

3. psychology

4. pass statistics

5. short man with thinning hair

6. read his transcript

7. encourage the author

8. his attitude toward statistics

9. fought for a front row seat and asked many questions

10. he had gained the confidence built on the teacher’s encouragement

and had worked really hard on the subject

III. 1. F 2. T 3. F 4. T 5. T 6. F 7. T 8. T 9. T 10. T From Reading To Speaking (Left out)

I. 1. eventually 2. held up 3. look…in the eye 4. looking forward to

5. determination 6. ran into 7. despite

II. 1. a. accept

3. a. confuse

4. a. affected

III. b. Acceptable b. confused 8. applying for 9. paid off 10. gave up 11. junior 12. Shortly after c. acceptance c. amazes d. amazing c. confusion d. confusing c. affectionate 2. a. amazed b. amazement b. affection

1. A. 可是我拿到学位却有一个小障碍-统计学,这是三年级必修的一门实验课,

每周四学时。

B. Something stands between me and the reward-the physical test. It is a

test I have to pass in m y second year.

2. A. 你所有的决心从此都将得到回报。

B. This is where I found that book.

3. A. 我从未梦想能做的如此出色。要不是费恩教授的鼓励,我也许根本不可能

有如此成绩。

B. Had it not been for your help, I wouldn’t have caught the train on time.

4. A. 尽管教授是这么说的,但整个课程还是非常辛苦,必须专心致志偶尔还需

向朋友求助。

B. Despite what his wife had said, he still worked till late into the night.

5. A. 不久我碰到费恩教授以前的一个学生。他对我说, “恭喜你!费恩教授

总是为那些特别迟钝的学生讲他的‘第二种头脑’的故事。”

B. Last week, I ran into one of my former middle-school teachers, who

said to me, “Congratulations! Finally you got into college.

1. B. Thoughts don’t have to be “real” or “true” to create failure or success

in our lives.

C. You don’t have to get all A’s to be accepted by this college.

2. B. After hearing all the horror stories about statistics, I felt panic all over.

C. Before opening the box, I felt curious.

3. B. Professor Fine…sat on the front of his desk with his feet dangling

over the floor.

C. The teacher came into the classroom with the student following him.

4. B. This is where all of your determination pays off.

C. This is where I left the book in the morning.

5. B. For two years, I looked forward to taking statistics.

C. For my whole childhood, I looked forward to going to Beijing.

6. B. I asked so many questions that I was often called a pest.

C. Before the vacation, I felt so excited that I could not go to sleep. Text B

Reading Comprehension

I. 1. C 2. C 3. C 4. C 5. A 6. D 7. A II. 1. B 2. B 3. B, B 4. A 5. B 6. B

III. (Left out)

IV. (Left out)

Vocabulary Work

I. 1. actually 2. smart 3. value 4. contains

5. automatic 6. honor 7. personal 8. earn

9. effort 10. nervous 11. discuss 12. opinions

II. 1. D 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. C

III. 1. AUTOMATIC 2. SEMINAR 3. EXTREMELY

4. ENROLL 5. SMART 6. ACTUALLY

UNIT FOUR

Text A:

Reading Comprehension

I. 3, 5, 2, 6, 1, 4, 9, 8, 7

II. 1. prescribe a placebo

2. make people well

3. fools itself

4. not work

5. hope that will give them a stronger will to get better

6. trust

7. seasickness, coughs, colds, and pain after an operation

8. nothing at all; a placebo; a real drug

9. the same effect as

10. a bad reaction to the placebo

III. 1. F 2. T 3. F 4. F 5. T 6. T 7. T 8. F 9. F

10. T 11. T

I. 1. trust 2. In a way 3. open up 4. heal

5. reacted 6. instead of 7. came away with

8. prescribed 9. rests with 10. reassurance

II. 1. a. harmful b. harmed c. harmless d. harm

2. a. living b. live c. living d. life e. live

3. a. minds b. mind c. mindful d. mindless

4. a. operates b. operative c. operation

d. operational e. operator f. operating

III.

1. A. 知道会得到些药,这使你感觉好些。

B. It made him work harder to hear he would get a raise in salary.

2. A. 虽然这些东西本身不含药物,但它们却似乎能使人们康复。

B. Even though he has no superman’s power in him, Mr. Lee is always

able to make people happy.

3. A. 这就像我们每个人体内都有一个医生。

B. It is as if you were sitting in a plane that is taking off.

4. A. 他们说安慰剂使得身体好转的愿望变为现实。

B. The story tells us that hard working makes the wish to get rich

become reality.

5. A. 这种治疗的成功似乎在很大程度上取决于病人和医生之间的关系。

B. The success of the play rests with the performance of all of us.

6. A. 人们做了一个实验以检验安慰剂是否有助于老年人保持健康和长寿。

B. An experiment was done to see if regular exercise would help people

stay healthy.

1. B. Sometimes all a sick person needs is some reassurance that all will be

well.

C. All the children demand is protection from the government.

2. B. The study of the placebo opens up new knowledge about the way the

human body can heal itself.

C. The study of the planet opens up new information about how the earth was formed.

3. B. But it is not yet known just how the placebo works to heal the body.

C. The engineers have not yet found out what caused the failure of the

machine.

4. B. They were put in three groups with 50 people in each group.

C. The children were divided into six groups with five in each group.

5. B. If patients expect a bad reaction to medicine, then they will also show

abad reaction to the placebo.

C. If children are believed to be likeable, they will behave in a likeable

way.

6. B. …Would you be pleased that you had been able to heal your own

body just by believing that you could?

C. I am happy that I have been able to overcome much of my sadness by just believing tomorrow will bring something better.

Text B

Reading Comprehension

I. 1. F

8. A 2. F 9. B 3. T 3. A 10. B 4. F 4. B 5. F 5. B 6. F 7. F II. 1. A, A 2. B

III. (Left out)

IV. (Left out)

Vocabulary Work

I. a. 6 b. 3

c. 8 j. 7

4. A 5. C

4. FRAGMENT d. 9 e. 1 f. 10 g. 4 h. 2 i. 5 II. 1. D III. 1. VICTIM 2. PROTEST

6. A 7. B 2. D 3. A 3. YELL 5. SCAR 6. REACT

UNIT FIVE

Text A:

Reading Comprehension

I. 2, 6, 9, 7, 5, 1, 8, 3, 4

II. 1. a millionaire by the time he was 20

2. 31, the richest man in America

3. the entire World Book Encyclopedia

4. science and math, thinking

5. social skills

6. skinny and left-handed, big feet and a squeaky voice

7. perfect his essays or organize his books and papers

8. at the age of 13, large and awkward

9. complex computer languages

10. all of his years in secondary school

11. math 12. software, getting computers to carry out instructions

13. DOS 14. humble and ordinary

III. 1. F 2. F 3. F 4. F 5. T 6. F 7. T 8. F 9. F 10. F 11. T 12. T From Reading To Speaking (Left out)

I. 1. efficient

2. boasted 3. energetic 4. question 12. come along 5. Before long

6. was named after 7. perform 8. criticized 11. playing with

c. energetic c. scientific c. succeeded

9. tease 10. regard…as II. 1. a. energy 3. a. Science b. energizes b. scientists b. success 2. a. favor b. favorable c. favor d. favorite e. favorites 4. a. successful

5. a. criticize

III. b. criticisms c. critical d. Critic

1. A. 十几岁的时候…比尔盖茨就夸下海口,要在20岁时成为百万富翁。

B. As president of this multi-national company, he has designed the

development plan for the company for the next 20 years.

2. A. 他9岁时便完完整整地读完了《世界百科全书》。

B. We had studied the entire English book by the end of last year.

3. A. 他虽然很聪明,但社交能力却有所不足。

B. Although he has retired, he proves to be an influential figure.

4. A. 若果说被人嘲弄使比尔内心不胜烦恼的话,他却从没有表现出来。

B. If your often being late for school has affected your classmates, you

should apologize.

5. A. 操作者在使用机器之前必须先学会复杂的计算机语言。

B. All passengers are required to show their tickets before entering the

railway station.

6. A. 与一些对电脑也极有兴趣的年长的学生们一起,比尔开始学习当时现存的

所有计算机语言及其功能。

B. Along with some other students who share the same interest, he sets

about studying the beginning of the earth.

1. B. It was a project that would take all of his years in secondary school to

complete.

C. The designing of the training program took the whole weekend to complete

2. B. He chose Harvard and began classes there the next autumn, majoring

in math.

C. He was lying in bed listening to his favorite music.

3. B. Until his marriage to Microsoft manager Melinda French on New

Year’s Day 1994, Gates was regarded as one of the most ideal bachelors in the world.

C. Until computers were invented, all calculations were very time

consuming.

4. B. Very soon it became the operating system used in more than 14

million personal computers around the world.

C. Soon he got the top secret known only by two people.

5. B. And when praised for Microsoft’s great success, he has been heard to say.

C. Once assigned the task, I devoted all my time and energy to it.

6. B. His next project was the software program that made him famous and

very rich.

C. His next achievement was a music composition that made him famous all over the world.

Text B

Reading Comprehension

I. 1. B

II. 1. B 2. A 2. A 3. C 3. A 4. B 4. B 5. D 5. B 6. A 6. B

III. (Left out)

IV. (Left out)

Vocabulary Work

I. 5, 7, 6, 1, 8, 2, 4, 10, 12, 9, 11, 3

II. 1. B

III.

1. NATURE 2. FRUIT

3. SPONSOR 7. WAGES 4. SERVICE 8. SMART

2. D 3. C 4. D 5. A 5. BARRIER 6. TIE

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